Kidney malfunction: Kidney malfunction: In some persons. due to defective functioning of the kidneys, the normal sugar which is excreted and which should have been reabsorbed is passed through the urine. The kidney cells become helpless in performing their normal functions, that is reabsorbing of sugar. In such a condition, sugar appears in the urine not because of any deficiency of insulin or rise in blood sugar level but purely because of malfunctioning of the kidneys. This condition is called renal glycosuria and should not be confused with diabetes.
Having wrong kinds of food at odd hours and in an improper environment is the primary cause of diabetes. The body needs more carbohydrates and sugar because apart from giving nourishment to the tissues. this category of foodstuff supplies energy to the individual for doing his mental and physical work. Carbohydrates are found in sugar, bread, potatoes. cereals. sweets and cakes.
At the time when body is growing, more carbohydrates are required, and, therefore, children eat larger quantities of sweets, biscuits, chocolates. pastry, icecream, drinks, and fruits. Since the body requires them, a taste is developed and they are found palatable. delicious or tasty. Sometimes because of their taste, they are consumed in larger quantities, much more than the belly can assimilate.
Diabetes can be caused also if there is a family history and the poor innocent person becornes a prey. The heredity pattern of diabetes is very complex and the genetic tendency shows clearly that it is not directly handed on to all the children of an affected generation. although the tendency towards developing it is passed on. Thus. in at least a quarter of all cases of newly diagnosed diabetes, there is a family history of some relative having been previously affected. In identical twins (who obviously inherit the same genes) , when one twin develops diabetes, about 70 per cent of the other twins will also develop it. But in non-identical twins this happens with less than ten per cent. In children with both diabetic mothers and fathers, only one in four subsequently develops diabetes; those with only one diabetic parent develop the disorder at an only slightly greater rate than the normal population. This rate also holds for children who are born of mothers already on insulin treatment.
This recessive characteristic of diabetic inheritance has led some to suggest that it is not diabetes that is passed on in the population, but a failure to pass on the gene that prevents it.
Metabolism: To avoid this heredity pattern there is need for basic requirement for proper digestion. Metabolism of food depends largely on is mental peace and a peaceful environment. In modern civilisation, this aspect is more or less neglected and food is eaten anywhere — while talking, walking, driving a car or watching television or discussing a serious problem.
Food eaten in this manner might get digested, especially in youth, but certainly it will affect the metabolic process.
Instead of producing enerU, carbohydrates or sugars get accumulated in the body in the form of fat. Glands in the pancreas which produce insulin themselves need some amount of nourishment for carrying out their job and growth. The wrong type of food and mental stress affects their nourishment and they, in turn, behave erratically in the production of insulin Sometimes they get atrophied and the insulin secreted is much less than the requirement of the body.
There is one another enzyme in the body which counteracts the effects of excessive insulin secretion. The enzyme becomes more active due to intake of improper diet resulting in the inactivity of the insulin which is produced by pancreas. Thus, because either of less insulin or because of its being rendered inactive by the enzyme, the tissue metabolism suffers and thus the person becomes diabetic.
Diabetes is not a disease for males only, it occurs in females also. But persons who are obese or fat are more prone to this ailment than those who are of normal weight or lean and thin.
Weight loss: Once diabetes occurs, even an obese person loses weight and becomes lean and thin. Overeating and consuming more carbohydrates and fats puts an excessive strain on pancreas which does not function properly. Less insulin is produced and the patient becomes diabetic. Obesity affects body movements. The person gets exhausted even after a brief physical exercise. Less exercise leads to lower consumption of blood glucose by the tissues. The deposition of surplus sugar in the blood causes diabetes.
Diabetes is often detected or diagnosed during medical examinations immediately after an individual has undergone a period of stress.
The very fact that the patient is being examined medically produces mental strain which gives rise to diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure.
When a person feels run down, exhausted or restless after a prolonged period of stress he approaches the doctor for a medical check up and sugar is likely to be detected in his urine. During the period of such stress and strain. more adrenaline and cortisone are released from the suprarenal glands and this condition of stress continues for a long time, eventually affecting the functioning of the pancreas. As a result less insulin is produced and the patient becomes diabetic.
In female the overweights are particularly prone to the disease. The women who has had several pregnancies with babies each of increasing size. or all of overaverage birth weight. is well known to be at risk.
In fact, the overweight and obese causes inability to deal efficiently with the carbohydrate or sugars one eats. And that inability later is shown in its more extreme form as diabetes. It has been said that overeating throws an excessive strain on pancreas, a strain that in the end causes its failure. It may be possible that those who become obese and consistently overeat are prone to diabetes through inheritance. Anyway, the evidence of control in diabetes by diet does show, nevertheless, that a high blood sugar can be reduced and sugar in the urine eliminated by diet alone and this suggests that the cause and the effect are closely associated.