While increased blood cholesterol level, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, etc. are the main factors causing a heart attack, there are other factors also which may be termed as major risk factors for heart trouble. They are: low antioxidant level, low level of magnesium and potassium quantities in the body, lack of proper quantity of essential fatty acids, increase in formation of fibrinogen and higher homocysteine level.
Antioxidants protect the heart against free radical damage. A free radical is a molecule that destroys body component. Nutrients like beta—carotene, selenium, vitamins E and D prevent heart and cancer diseases from developing. They also slow down the aging process. They block the formation of lipid peroxides and oxidize cholesterol and thereby protect arteries from narrowing. The two major antioxidants are already in the body—vitamin D and E. But it is better to take high—potency multi-vitamin and mineral capsules.
Vitamin E-an effective weapon
Amongst the antioxidants, vitamin E is the most effective weapon against oxidation of LDL cholesterol as it can mix up easily with the latter. Even a smaller dose of 25 mg may offer protection, but it is prudent to have a more powerful dose of 400 IU. Besides, it also reduces LDL cholesterol peroxidation, keeps under control platelet aggregation, increase in HDL cholesterol levels and increased fibrinolytic activity.
Various studies conducted worldwide have confirmed that low-dosage vitamin E supplement has proved very effective in reducing the risk of death due to a heart attack or a stroke, Not onw larly, has a role in the ery front stroke and peripheral
Vitamin C, working in aqueoug most effective antioxidant in Cho body, inside human cells. It works in astaocinCion with
E, carotenes and other peroxidase and catalase. It has one ntot•e funct ion; it neti, vales the antioxidant benefits of vita nun
A high dose intake of vitntuin C has been found to duce the risk of death frotti heart nt tacks Ntxolcen it, acts as an antioxidant and also strengthens the collagen structures of arteries, lowers cholesterol level and blood pressure, raises HDL cholesterol levels and controls plate. let aggregation, besides preventing Ll)l, cholesterol frotn being oxidized.
The following chart gives an idea as to what quantity of vitamins or minerals should be taken in by an adult:
Vit. A (retinal)Vit. A (beta-carotene)
5,000 IUVite D 100-450 IU Vit. E 100-750 or 800 IU Vit. D 100-1,200 mg Vit. B 10-100 mg Vit. B1 10-100 mg Vit. B2 5-50 mg Niacimamide 10-25 Niacin 100-110 mg Vit• 12 30-100 mg Folic acid 350-400 mcg Vit. K 60-250 mcg Pantothenic acid 25-100 mg
Minerals Calcium 250-1200 mg Copper 1-1.5 Iron 150-30 mg Chromium 250-350 mcg Iodine 50-200 mcg Magnesium 200-500 mg Potassium 150-500 mg Zinc 15-50 mg Manganese 10-20 mg Silica 1-20 mg